Photography 101 - Introduction

In this Photography 101 series, we are going to be looking at the six fundamentals of photography. These are six essential requirements to taking a photographic image. Understanding these six things is going to make photography a lot more simple and easy to understand.

It doesn’t matter whether you’re using a small compact camera, a high end DLSR or a smart phone. The six fundamentals apply across all forms of photography and all camera formats.

The Six Fundamentals Are:

Aperture |


Aperture is simply a word for the hole in the lens. We use this hole to control the amount of light that enters the camera.

Time |


Time allows us to choose how long we want our medium to record that light for. And it’s the shutter speed that allows us to change that time.

Optics |


Optics are the lenses we put on our cameras. They focus the light to a particular point so we can record the image.

Light |


Light is all around us, it comes in many different forms and without it, we can’t take our image.

Composition |


Composition is how we frame our shot. Where we place elements within our frame. This is also known as Subject.

Medium |


Medium is simply what we record that light on to. Whether it be film or a digital sensor.

In the next six articles I will be explaining each of these fundamentals in detail so you can better understand photography and hopefully become a better photographer because of it. Throughout this series you can post any questions you may have in the comments section below each post, or you can send an email to and I can answer you that way.